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Valentyn Stetsyuk (Lviv, Ukraine)

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Ukrainian Surnames of Hypothetical Bulgarish Origin


The proposed list of surnames was checked for compliance with Chuvash words and supplemented with other decoding options by Oleg Maksimov (Moscow). I express my heartfelt gratitude for his help.



Since traces of the presence of the Proto-Bulgars, the people of Turkic orogin, were left by the in many place names on the territory of Ukraine, an attempt was made to find matches also in anthroponimics. The Map of the distribution of the surnames of Ukraine, which indicates the number and places of distribution of some of them, is presented on the Internet. Using this map, you can check how hypothetical surnames of Bulgarish origin correlate with the spread of Bulgarish toponymy. The possibility of the existence of the Ukrainian surnames of Bulgarish origin is confirmed by such fact. The name of the village of Gavarechchina in Lviv Region has a clear Bulgar origin, as it is connected to the common village handcraft of black pottery. The surname Bakusevich is typical for this village and it also has Bulgarish roots because old Chuvash male names Pakkuç, Pakus, Pakăs are recorded. The surnames Bakus, Bakusevich or Bakutsevich are found also in the villages of Kimir, Ushkovichi, Chupernosov, Nedilyska in Peremyshlyany district, Lviv region, where the existence of Bulgar settlements can be confirmed by archaeological data (Cherepin-Lagodiv group of sites). Incidentally, the names of the first three above-mentioned villages are also explained by means of the Chuvash language. Obviously, Ukrainians took the name Backus from the Bulgars still in For-Christian times, and it was an additional person identifier after spreading Christian names. Later it or derived from it Bakusevich – Bakutsevich were recorded as a surname. The explanations of the meaning of these noted names are is absent in the Chuvash dictionaries, but maybe, they oroginated Chuv. pak "swiftly" or pakka "to thrash, beat" in conjunction with the affix – uç. This affix, just as – aç – eç ere used to form nouns. Thus, we can be sure that some other Ukrainian surnames exist since prehistoric times, as well as names of villages in which they occur.

As research base "List of names of Dniester Land" (V. STETSYUK 2001: 156-214) has been taken. The list was compiled by members of the expedition "Dniester" of Lion Society (Lviv) in the years 1989-2001 and includes more than two thousand different names, typical in settlements of the Dniester region. Data on existing surnames outside of the Dniester Land are taken from the site:"A history of Surnames".

When looking for the names of the possible Bulgarish origin, words out of the list which have good phonetic match in the Chuvash language, were taken for analysis. These of them were chosen which have some semantic connection between partial words and are suitable for a name that is those which characterize certain human qualities or speculation about the possible origin of the person or his occupation. Words only with good phonetic similarity but with questionable ability to use as a name were rejected.


Human qualities


Balukh, there are 689 carriers of this surname in Ukraine, most of them in the sity of Lviv (149) and Yavoriv diastrict of Lviv Region – Chuv. pălukh "bad".

Bal'ukh, 61 carriers in Ukraine, most of all in the city of Ternopil' (10) – Chuv. pălukh "bad".

Betsa, 944 carriers, most of all in Volovets district of Zakarpattia Region. – Chuv. pěçě "thigh".

Dzindz'a, 14 carriers, 9 – in Horokhiv district of Volyn Region., Zinziuk, 174 carriers, most of all in Khotin district of Chernivtsi Region (56) – Chuv. çinçе "thin".

Dzundza, 672 carriers, most of al in the city of Kalush of Ivano-Frankivsk Region (141) – Chuv.çunsa "one who has lost all in a fire" (proposed by O.D Maksimov).

Gamaliy (now Hamaliy), 668 carriers, most of all in Kyiv (93), the city of Sumy (25) and the town of Brovary of Kyiv Region (23) – Chuv. kămăl "temper", ie "evil spirit".

Gamaliychuk, 35 carriers, most of all in Manevychi district of Volyn Region (19), espacially in the village of Kopylla (9) – Chuv. kămăl "temper", ie "evil spirit".

Gamalia, 26 carriers, most of all in the city of Mariupol' (9) – Chuv. kămăl "temper", ie "evil spirit".

Gera, 733 carriers, most of all in Yavoriv district of Lviv Region (117) and Lviv (99) – Chuv. kĕre "hard, strong".

Karach, 379 carriers, most of all in Ivano-Frankivsk Region, especially in the villages of Snovydiv, Bozyliv and just in the city of Ivano-Frankivsk (in all 76) – Chuv. kărach "scanty".

Karachun, 1009 carriers, in all Ukraine, most of all in Letychiv district 0f Ternopil Region (67) – Chuv. kărach "scanty", ăn "mind".

Kavkalo, 76 carriers, most of all in Kelmentsi district of Chernivtsi Region (35) – чув. хавхаллă "noisy, clamorous".

Kitsela, 95 carriers, most of all in the town of Burshtyn of Ivano-Frankivsk Rgion (15) – Chuv. kĕçĕllĕ "a scabby".

Narbut, 153 carriers, most of all in Kyiv – Chuv. nar "beauty", păt "perfect".

Patsagan, 96 carriers, most of all in the village of Olesha in Tlumach district of Ivano-Frankivsk Region (21) – чув. pasăk "great", ăn "mind".

Petyovka, 166 carriers, most of all in Mukachevo district of Zakarpattya Region – Chuv. pĕtev "body".

Sabala , 35 carriers, most of all in Borshchiv district of Ternopil Region (10) and Peremyshlany district of Lviv Region – Chuv. săpaylă "modest".

Sabalo , 14 carriers, most of all in the town of Berezhany of Ternopil Region (7) and Peremyshlany district of Lviv Region – Chuv. săpaylă "modest".

Sagala, 90 carriers, most of all in the village of Boyanets of Zhovkva district (17) and in the town of Sokal' (11) of Lviv Region – Chuv. sakăl "piebald".

Sagalo, 60 carriers, most of all in Man'kivka district of Cherkasy Region (15) – Chuv. sakăl "piebald".

Sakal', 897 carriers, most of all in Svalava district of Zakarpattya Region (457) – Chuv. sukhal "beard".

Sheremet, 8833 carriers, most of all in Kyiv(696), Dniproе (393), Kharkiv (236) – Chuv. sheremet "poor fellow, sufferer".

Tolpeko, 34 carriers in the whole Ukraine – Chuv. talpăn "to rush", ekki "temper"

Tymtsyurak (also Temtsyurak), 109 carriers, most of all in Kalush district of Ivano-Frankivsk Region (31) and the next Zhydachiv one of Lviv Region (21) – tem "nobody knows whose", çura "child" (that is an orphan). Good phonetic correspondence and semantic connection of words with the Ukrainian suffix. However, a connection with Chuv. çurăk is possible.

Tsyurak, 275 carriers, most of all in Nadvirna district of Ivano-Frankivsk Region (126) – Chuv. çурăк "broken, tattered" .

Vanchak, 49 carriers, most of all in Lviv (17) – Chuv. vanchăk "small".

Vytrykush, 524 carriers, most of all in Lviv (100) and Lviv Region. – Chuv. vitěr "keen, sharp-sighted", kuç "an eye".


Origin


Yakhvak, 94 carriers, most of all in the city of Sambir of Lviv Region (30) – Chuv. yăkh "clan, tribe", vak "small". Semantic connection of words could describe belonging to a minor genus kin.

Kerel'us, 43 carriers, most of all in Staryi Sambir district of Lviv Region, in the village of Torchinovyshi 13 – Chuv. khĕr "daughter, girl, bride", ilӳ "take" + ç the affi for an acting person. In the whole "a fiance".

Khalabura, 48 carriers, most of all in the town of Chernelytsia, Horodenka district of Ivano-Frankivsl Region – Chuv. khalap "fairytale", ăru "kin". The phrase can characterize belonging to a legendary family.

Pelesh, 78 carriers in the whole Ukraine – Chuv. pĕlĕsh "a relative".

Tarabalka, 38 carriers, most of all in Zalishchyky district of (19) and just in the village of Shutromyntsi (12) of Ternopil Region - Chuv. tură "divine" pulkkă "flock" (elated to folc). The Chuvash word is initial for Slav. polk "regiment", Gmc. *fulka "people, folc"). The surname can indicate belonging to a distinct kin.

Tarabalko, 12 carriers, most of all in Kotelva district of Poltava Region, there are also several surnames in the Zalishchiky district of the Ternopil Region, and in neighboring Gorodenka district of Chernivtsi Region - see Tarabalka.


Random


Bagan, 715 carriers, most of all in Lviv Region (the city of Lviv – 45, Sambir district – 45) – Chuv. pakan unknown word, pukan "block, log".

Balan, 5530 carriers, most of all in Starozhynets district of Chernivtsi Region (294), Kyiv (292) and Odessa (253) – Chuv. pălan "deer".

Barda, 509 carriers, most of all in the town of Pervomaysk pf Mykolaiv Regiom (39) – Chuv. Părtta – male name.

Barta, 815 carriers, most of all in the village of Fornosh in Mukachevo district (136) and in the city of Mukachevo (97) in Zakarpattia. Such a surname (Barta) is also common in Hungary, but it can also have Chuvash roots, because the Chuvash and Hungarian languages have numerous common vocabulary – Chuv. Părtta – male name.

Begin, 100 carriers, most of all in Tlumach district of Ivano-Frankivsk Region – Chuv. Pekine – male name.

Burak, 2283 carriers, most of all in the city of Lviv (167) – Chuv. purăk "basket".

Burda, 2848 carriers, most of all in the city of Kharkiv (167), Lviv (145) Kyiv (91) – Chuv. purtă "ax".

Dzherdzh, 440 carriers, most of all in the village of Vozyliv in Buchach district of Ternopil Region (179) – Chuv. çerçe "sparrow".

Dzidza, 42 carriers, most of all in the town of Chernelytsia (13), Horodenka district of Ivano-Frankivsl Region – Chuv. çiç "shine".

Galak, 1123 carriers, most of all in Novoseytsia district of Vhernivtsi Region. (153), particularly in the village of Marshyntsi (116), there is also a cluster in the Uman district of Cherkasy region (50) – Chuv. kălăkh "vain". Given the prevalence of the surname, such a meaning is questionable. Somewhat better kalakh "shovel, paddle".

Kampo, 204 carriers, most of all in Transcarpathia, Mukachevo – 41, also Kampov, 360 carriers, in Mukachevo – 98 – Chuv. kămpo, kămpa "mushroom".

Karmak, 21 carriers, almost all in Zaporizhia and Orekhiv district of Zaporizhia Region. – Chuv. kărmăk "coal".

Кончак, 273 носителя, более всего во Львове (57) – чув. канчăк "мешок".

Кошман, 1879 ноителей, больше всего в Киеве (121), Харькове (74), Черновцах (69) и Черновицкрй области (около трехсот) – чув. кăшман "свекла".

Курза, 108 носителей, более всего в Киев (31) – чув. хурçă "сталь".

Паранчук, 193 носителя, более всего во Львове (68) – чув. пăрăнчăк "уклон".

Пилат, 533 носії, более всего у г. Городок Львовской обл. – чув. пил "мед", ăтă "сосуд".

Покальчук, 337 носителей, более всего в г. Олевск Житомирской обл. (80) – чув. пакăльчак "лодыжка".

Пукан, 27 носителей, более всего в с. Сопов Коломыйского района Ивано-Франковской обл. (11) – чув. пукан "чурбан".

Саволюк, 413 носителей, более всего в с. Іванівці Барського району (37) і с. Гавришівка Вінницького району (30) Вінницької обл. – чув. савăл "клин".

Савон, 713 носителей, более всего в г. Токмак Запорожской обл. (65) и в с. Вишеньки Бориспльского района Киевской обл. (50) – чув. савăн "радоваться, веселиться".

Chuv. pukan "a chump" – the surname Bagan is present in the village of Kulchytsi (Sambir district) and Pakan is common in the village of . Ilnik (Turka district)

Chuv. Pekine is man's name – the surname Begin', Begin are common in the villages of Isakivtsi, Petriv, Sokirchin (Tlumach district).

Chuv. purtă "an ax" – the surname Barta is present in the villages of Gannussvka? Poberezhzhia (Tismenetsia district). This surname is common in Hungary, but the Ukrainian villages are quite far from Hungary. And indeed the Hungarian surname Barta could also have Chuvash roots because Chuvash and Hungarian languages have a large common vocabulary.

Chuv. çerçi "a sparrow" – the surname Jerge is very common in the neighboring villages Vozyliv (Buchach district, Ternopil Region), and Monastyrok, Rakovets (Horodenka district), there is a village Cherche in Rogatyn district (Ivano-Frankivsk Region).

Chuv. çiç "to shine" – the surname Dzidza is available in the village Chernelytsa (Horodenka district).

Chuv. çiç "to shine", tĕn "faith" – Ulana Tsizdyn Lviv sportswomen.

Chuv. çumăr "rain" – Victoria Syumar as a known Ukrainian journalist.

Chuv. surăkh "a sheep", măn "big" – the surname Sarakhman is very common in the villages Vanevychi, Morozivtsi (Sambir district), occurs in the city of Sambor, village of Tyaziv (Tismenetsia district).

Chuv. çur "spring", kun "a day" – the surname Tsurkan is available in the village of Nagoriany (Kelmentsi district).

Chuv. tără 1. "top", 2. "clean" and tută "taste" – Taratuta, common Ukrainian surname considered to be originated from taratiryty "to chatter". However Ukr dish taratuta allows explain the surname as "tasteful".

Chuv. khurçă "steel" – the surname Kurzyak is available in the village of Zozulintsy (Zalischyky district).

As far the proposed etymologies correspond to the truth cannot be appreciated without additional historical evidence of the nationality of the ancestors of carriers of specific surnames and they are unlikely to appear once. Therefore, they themselves do not prove the presence of the Bulgars in a certain territory of Ukraine, we have other convincing data for this. Ukrainian surnames of Bulgarish origin are additional material for the study of historical phonology of the Turkic languages. Together with the toponymy, anthroponymy establishes a certain chronological framework for the existence or transformation of the distinct sounds of these languages. In addition, a comparison of Ukrainian and Chuvash anthroponymic systems (similarity in semantics, structure, creation) will provide concrete material for studying the spiritual culture of our ancestors and establishing patterns of anthroponymy in prehistoric times and at the same time will help establish at least an approximate time of the emergence of individual surnames, which is also important.