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Valentyn Stetsyuk (Lviv, Ukraine)

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The results obtained in the course of studies the results gave grounds for some hypothetical reasoning. In part, they are in general texts, partly outside the scope of the presentation, so over time after the finalization of these will be submitted in a separate section in the completed form.

To the theme of the Nostratic languages

This languages macrofamily includes the Altai, Urals, Dravidian, Indo-European, Kartvelian, Semitic-Hamitic (also known as Afro-Asiatic) languages but maybe also other language families. There is no any consensus among scientists about the reality of the existence of this superfamily but the arguments of the opponents of its existence are too categorical, without sufficient justification. The position of "this can not be," in general, is very vulnerable because it is required to prove the falsity or randomness of all the arguments "for", while for the approval of the truth of any proposition is sufficient only one irrefutable argument. Many linguists do not realize that a number of evidence with a small probability, being taken together, greatly increases the likelihood of an event which they support. For example, take one of the objections of B.A Serebrennikov against kinship of Nostratic languages who categorically asserted that it "has not been proven conclusively." Speaking of false etymologies of V.M Illich-Svitych, he believes some of them are based on a comparison of onomatopoeic words. For example, he takes among other Nostratic word * bura "to drill" which has matches Fin. pura "a drill, bit", Lat. forare "to drill", O.H.G. borōn "to drill", Accad. bura "a well" (SEREBRENNIKOV B.A., 1982, 59). The imitation of the sound of the drill, of course, is looked through, but it could be expressed not only by the sounds bur/bor/pur/for. The sound of the drill can be expressed by a variety of other sounds – der, gor, mar, lur, but they were not chosen to imitate, but namely the above sounds which are similar in important features, and it can say with a certain probability about the Nostratic origin of the words meaning "drilling".

While studying Nostratic languages were found 34 common features which among dominated morpheme, pronouns, and verb meaning "to beat", "split", "cut", "shoot", "drill", "bend", "snap", "tear "," knit", "cry ". There are also words meaning "ear", "many", "deep", "night", "edge" and some others. Noteworthy is the fact that this group is dominated by words of technological and hunting semantics, but there are two words for sound signaling very necessary for hunting. Consequently, the existence of the parent Nostratic language we have to attribute at least to the 7th mill BC. The start time and place of its arising is still difficult to be determined. The links below referred to materials that can characterize the history of the Nostratic languages. Such materials are still very scanty, but their number will grow over time.

The Urheimat of the Nostratic Peoples

Common Nostratic Heritage in Vocabularies of Türks and Indoeuropeans

Traces of Contacts of Turks and Indo-Europeans in Vocabularies

The Hypothetic Nostratic consonant RZ

To the primary formation of numerals in the Nostratic Languages

To the theme of the expansion of the Turks in Central Europe

The problem of the genesis of the Turkic languages is closely related to the theme of Nostratic languages. Their cognate relations were also determined using the graphic-analytical method. Localization of places of the arising of Turkic languages let determining ethnicity of the creators of Corded Ware and Battle-axes culture and coming close to solving the Scythian and Sarmatian problems. A certain part of the evidence of this are the materials that can be found on the links below. Basically, this material is connected with Proto-Turkic tribe that left their Urheimat and moved to the right bank of the Dnieper, and then populated the large expanse of East-Central Europe.

Turkic Tribe Bulgar in Eastern Europe.

The Names of Metals in the Turkic and Indo-European Languages

Common Turkic – Indoeuropean Heritage in Names of Plants

To the Source of Brewing in Eastern Europe

Common vocabulary of the Chuvash and other Turkic Languages with Germanic

Sketch on the Development of Merchandise in Eastern Europe in Prehistoric Times

Bulgarish Place Names in the Ukraine, Poland, and Hungary