Ancient Anglo-Saxon Place Names in Asia
When searching for ancient Anglo-Saxon place names in Continental Europe., it was found that most of them is in Eastern Europe and one of their clusters falls on the territory of the former Rostov-Suzdal principality and in the immediate neighborhood (see Google map below). This and other facts gave reason to assume that in the middle of the first millennium AD the Anglo-Saxons laid the foundations of Russian statehood. However, there was no mention in the annals of the presence of the people significantly different in language from the rest of the population of the principality. Of course, there were not many Anglo-Saxons, they constituted only the ruling elite of the tribal alliance known in history as Murom. There, however, it is difficult to assume that they completely disappeared among the local Finno-Ugrians and the Slavs arriving here later. Without making certain assumptions, but only continuing the search for Anglo-Saxon toponymy, I noticed that some of the names of settlements have duplicates in Siberia and the Far East. After expanding the field of exploration beyond the Urals, it turned out that this was not an accident, but a certain regularity. Discovered new Anglo-Saxon toponyms stretched out in a narrow strip from the Urals to Primorye. The reasons that forced the Anglo-Saxons to leave their homes, can only be assumed, since the beginning of their movement beyond the Urals and further eastward is unknown.
Anglo-Saxon place names in Eastern Europe
The direction of the search for place names in Asia was identified by names in Eastern Europe, already recognized as Anglo-Saxon, such as Markovo (seven cases), Markova (five cases), Firsovo (four cases), Akhtyrka, Firstovo, Fofonovo, Churilovo
(ρμ. The Complete List of Anglo-Saxon Place Names in Continental Europe). In general, we can most confidently speak of the following place names in the direction from west to east:
Upper and Low Tagil on the Tagil River
in Sverdlovsk Regiom OE. tægel "tail".
Neviansk, a town in Sverdlovsk Region OE. neowe "new", ġien "again".
Markova, three villages in Prigorod, Slobodo-Turinsk district, Talica urban district in Sverdlovsk Region, a vallage in Uporovo district in Tyumen Region and a village in Irkutsk district os Irkutsk Region OE. mearc "border, end, district", "sign", mearca "a signed area".
Firsovo, a village in Turinsk urban district of Sverdlovsk Region, villages in Pervomaysk district of Altai Krai, Sretensk district of Zabaykalsky Krai, Dolinsk urban district of Sakhalin Region OE. fyrs "furze, gorse, bramble".
Chetkarino, a village in Pyshma district of Sverdlovsk Region OE. ciete "closet, cabin", carr "rock".
Miass, a city in Chelabinsk Region OE. meos "swamp, bog".
Markovo, villages in the Uvelsky district of the Chelyabinsk Region, in the Zavodoukovsk district of the Tyumen Region, and in the Kuibyshev district of the Novosibirsk Region, a former village on the bank of the Yenisei, now a natural area in the Turukhansky district of the Krasnoyarsk Region, Lesozavodsky urban district of Primorsky Krai OE. mearc "border, end, district", "sign", mearca "a signed area".
Churilovo, a village in Krasnoarmeysky district of the Chelyabinsk Region OE ceorl "man, husband, peasant".
Kharino, villages in Krasnoarmeysky district of the Chelyabinsk Region, Omsk district of the Omsk Region, in the Iskitimsky district of the Novosibirsk region OE hara "hare".
Iskitim, a town in Novosibirsk Region OE. ieska, geoxian "to sob", team "tribe, family".
Great Riga, a village in Shumikha district of Kurgan Region OE ryge "rye".
Shadrinsk, a town in Kurgan Region OE. *sceader "protector" out of scead "protection, safeguard".
Vagina, s village in a rural settlement Yurminskoye of Tyumen Region OE wagian "move, shake".
Rezanova, a village in Vikulovsky district of Tyumen Region OE. rāsian "explore", racian "drive, lead".
Firstovo, a village in the Bolsheukovsky district of the Omsk region OE fyrst "first".
Atrachi, a village on the shore of a lake of the same name in the Tyukalinsky District of the Omsk Region OE. ātor, ætrig "poison, toxin".
Ingaly, a village in the Bolsherechensky district of the Omsk Region OE. Ing god's name, āl "fire".
Akhtyrka, a village in Vengerovsky district, Novosibirsk Region OE. æfter "beyond, through", -gē "district".
Βεπυ-Irmen', a village in Ordynsky district of Novosibirsk region OE. iermen "big, strong".
Shadrino, villages in the Iskitimsky district of the Novosibirsk Region, the Kalmansky and Tselinny districts of the Altai Krai, the Yenisei, Idrinsky, and Kozulsky district of the Krasnoyarsk Krai, OE. *sceader "protector" out of scead "protection, safeguard".
Toguchin, a town, the administrative center of the Toguchinsky district of the Novosibirsk Region. OE. toga "leader", cynn, "family, kin".
Salair, a as part of the Guryevsky municipal district of the Kemerovo Region OE. sala "sale, selling", iere, ōra "ore". The town has a mining and processing plant, mines and produces gold, silver, zinc, lead.
Shanda, a village in Guryevsky district, Kemerovo Region. OE. shame.
Right: Owl image. Drawing from the site Babyblog.
Barnaul, the administrative center of the Altai Krai OE. byrne "chain mail", ūle "owl". The plumage of an owl resembles a chain mail (see the picture to the right). Obviously owl type mails were made in the city.
Tuim, a village in Shirinsky district of Khakassia OE. twinn "double, doubles".
Geat Irba, an urban-type settlement in the Kuraginsky district of the Krasnoyarsk Krai OE. ierfa, Ger. Erbe "heritage".
Aginskoye, a village in the Krasnoyarsk Krai, an urban-type settlement of the Aginsk Buryat Okrug in Zabaykalsky Krai OE. āgen "proper, own".
Shilka, rivers, the right tributary of the Yenisei River, the left part of the Amur River, a town in Zabaykalsky Krai OE. scielga "dace, roach".
Gagul, a village in Ermakovsky district of the Krasnoyarsk Krai OE. gāgul "throat".
Bryanka, a settlement in the North-Yeniseisk district of the Krasnoyarsk Krai OE. berian, "naked, uncovered" gē "district".
Vangash, a settlement in the North-Yeniseisk district of the Krasnoyarsk Krai OE. wang, "flat, level", asce "dust, ashes".
Kodinsk, a town, the administrative center of Kezhemsky district of Krasnoyarsk Krai OE. codd "pod, bag".
Badarma, a settlement in Ust-Ilimsk district of the Irkutsk Region OE. bād "tribute", earm "poor, scarce".
Sedanovo, a settlement in Ust-Ilimsk district of the Irkutsk Region OE. seddan "saturate".
Zima, a town, the administrative center of Ziminsky district of the Irkutsk Region. OE. sīma "tape, chain".
Inga, a village in Cheremkhovo district of the Irkutsk Region OE. Ing "god's name", æ "law, religion".
Mandagay, a plot (settlement) in Cheremkhovo district of the Irkutsk region OE. mann "man", deag "fit".
Orlik, a village, the administrative center of the Oka district of Buryatia OE. orlege "battle, war".
Tunka, a a village in the Tunkinsky district of Buryatia OE. tunga "European goldfinch".
Dzhida, a village in Dzhidinsky district of Buryatia OE. giedd "singing, reciting".
Selenga, a village on the river bank of the same name in the Tarbagatai district of Buryatia OE. selen "tribute, present", -gē "district".
Ust'-Bryan', a village in Zaygraevsky district of Buryatia OE. bryne "fire".
Fofonovo, a village in Kabansky district of Buryatia OE. fā "color, motley", "textile".
Kizhinga, a village, the administrative center of the Kizhinga district of Buryatia OE. *cieging out of ciegan "call, invite".
Dauria, a historical and geographical region within the present-day Republic of Buryatia,Zabaykalsky Krai and the Amur Region (Transbaikalia and west of the Amur Region) OE. deor "dear", Eng. deer.
Daursky Reserve. Mongolian gazelles Photo by E. Kokukhin.
Khilok, a town in Zabaykalsky Kari OE. *hillock out of hill, Eng. hillock.
Narovlin, a town in Mongolia OE. nearu "narrow", lane "pass".
Irgen', a villge and a lake in the Chita district of the Zabaykalsky Krai OE. earg "pitiful, useless".
Ingoda, a river and village in the Chita district of the Zabaykalsky Krai OE. Ing gad's name, ād "fire", eode "passed".
Chita, a city, administrative center of the Zabaykalsky Krai OE. ciete "hut, cabin".
Burgen', a village and a lake in the Chita district of the Zabaykalsky Krai OE. burg "city, burg".
Duldurga, a village in Duldurginsky district of the Buryat okrug of the ZAbaykalsky Krai OE. đylđ "suffer", wœrig "fatigue".
Byrka, a village in the Priargunsky district and a settlement at the station in the Olovyanninsky district of the Zabaykalsky Krai OE. byrga "bail, surety".
Nerchinsk, a town in Zabaykalsky Krai OE near "near", cynn "kin".
Oldonda, a village in Borzinsky district of Zabaykalsky Krai OE. eald "old", eonde "custom".
Selinda, a village in Piargunsky district of Zabaykalsky Krai OE. sielen "graze", dā "chamois".
Gorda, a village in Piargunsky district of Zabaykalsky Krai OE. geard "farmstead, housing".
Mangiday, villages in Sretensky district of Zabaykalsky Krai and Aleksandrovsk-Sakhalinsky district of Sakhalin Region OE. mangian "trade", dæġ "day".
Davenda, an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Mogochinsky District of Zabaykalsky Krai OE. deaw "dew", deaf ("deaf, empty, barren", ende "end".
Chaldanka, railway station of the Vladivostok branch of the Far Eastern Railway, Chaldonka, a village in Mogochinsky District of Zabaykalsky Krai, a mountain on the ridge of Bolshie Churki in the Jewish Autonomous oblast OE. ceald "cold", ān "single".
Tynda, a town in Amur Region OE tind "tip, spike", tinde "stretched".
Magdagachi, an urban locality in Zabaykalsky Krai OE. mægden "girl, maid", mægđ "kin", mægđa "chamomile", geac "cuckoo".
Tygda, a village of Magdagaci district of Amur Region OE. tigde "receiver, partner".
Zenkovka, a village in Konstantinovsky district of Amur Region OE. sencan, sincan "lower, fall".
Gassi, a village and lake in Nanai district of the Khabarovsk Krai OE. hæs "forest area", sæ "lake".
Dada , a village in Nanai district of the Khabarovsk Krai OE. dæda "doer".
Lidoga, a village in Nanai district of the Khabarovsk Krai OE. lida "sailor", oga "fear, horror".
Dzhonka, rural settlement in the Nanai district of Khabarovsk Krai OE. ġeong "young".
Ukhta, a village in Ulchsky d istrictρελξ of Khabarovsk Krai OE. uht(a) "twilight, dusk".
Dzhaore, a village on the west coast of the Amur estuary, near the confluence of the Dzhaore River in the estuary, and on the cape of the same name, Nikolaevsky district, Khabarovsk Krai OE. ġear 1. "defense", 2. "year".
Low Pronge, a village on Cape Pronge in Nikolaevsky district of the Khabarovsk Krai OE. preon "awl, needle", gē "region, locality". Cape Pronge protrudes into the sea like a needle (see on the map at right). In some places one can read that the name of the cape originates from the Nivkh pro a kind of small fish, but the motivation of such a name and phonetic correspondence are doubtful.
At right: Cape Pronge.
Trambaus, a village in Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky district of Sakhalin Region OE đrymm "plenty", beaw (pl. beaws) "gadfly".
Tangi, a village in Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky district of Sakhalin Region OE. tang(e) "tongs".
Mangiday, a village in Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky district of Sakhalin Region OE. mangian "trade", dæġ "day".
Nogliki, an urban locality and the administrative center of Nogliksky District of Sakhalin Region OE. nō "no, not", glīg "pleasure, joy".
Tungor, a village in Okhinsky district of Sakhalin Region OE. đung "aconitum" (a plant of the family Ranunculaceae), ōra "bank, edge".